Accreditation is the status granted to an institution or programme that has been found, through self-study and peer review, to meet or exceed stated guidelines of educational quality.
Accreditation is a voluntary activity that promotes self-elevation, self-regulation and accountability. The role of the accrediting body is to ensure quality through encouraging the improvement of educational standards.
There are two types of accreditation: Institutional and Programmatic.
- Institutional accreditation is accreditation of the whole institution and speaks to the general quality of the institution.
- Programmatic accreditation, on the other hand, evaluates the quality of specific programmes of study offered by an institution. The NAC effects programme accreditation; however a process of institutional assessment must precede accreditation of any programme in an institution.